Extensive Proofreading and Editing
We ‘polish up’ your manuscript, eliminate any language errors, and get it ready for publication or print, following predefined proofreading/editing standards defined by the Chartered Institute of Editing and Proofreading (CIEP). This involves:
- Proofreading: adjusting spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization and other surface-level technical errors
- Editing: adjusting overall readability, including sentence structure, coherency and flow, conciseness and clarity, and academic terminology/tone
- Commenting: the editor may occasionally leave comments where applicable to highlight recommendations for improving your work
Both the tracked changes version and clean version are sent back to you, allowing you to view all the changes made to your work. A final rigorous quality-assurance check is then performed by a different editor to ensure the final edited version of the manuscript has improved readability and is free from any language errors.
In-Text Citations and References Adjustment
This involves checking the in-text parenthetical (citations within parentheses) and narrative citations (citations whereby author names are incorporated into the text) throughout the manuscript, and adjusting them according to a specific format (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, IEEE). We also check and adjust the references list (i.e. bibliography) at the end of the manuscript. Finally, a thorough check is performed to ensure citations are included in the references list, and reference listings are cited in the text.
Manuscript Style Formatting
This involves adjusting the entire manuscript format according to the style guide or (MS Word, LaTex) template provided by the journal or university. This applies to journal papers, conference proceedings or theses/dissertations. Various elements are adjusted, including the title page, font, headers, paper layout and sections to include, line spacing, margins, paragraph indentation, citation/references format, figures, tables, equations, etc. These are all adjusted based on predefined instructions in the style guide. A good example of a general style guide is the APA Style Seventh Edition.
Researchers are required to summarize key concepts and write them in their own authorial voice, especially in the literature review section of a research work. However, this occasionally results in an increase in the similarity index level, sometimes over a certain limit/threshold (e.g., 20%). In such cases, our editors are able to paraphrase, rewrite and restructure portions of the content that have a high similarity index level, effectively decreasing it to an acceptable level by the university or journal. This involves extensive restructuring of sentences, changing tense from passive to active voice and vice versa, replacing key terms with their nearest synonyms, merging simple sentences, cutting complex sentences, re-arranging lists, etc., while at the same time preserving the original meaning of each sentence and ensuring readability and coherency throughout the manuscript. Please note that this is for self-authored content that is slightly over the similarity index limit.
Turnitin Report Generation
This involves generating an official Turnitin report for your manuscript that shows its similarity index level, as well as a detailed description and highlights of the portions of text that overlap with other published work. This is sometimes requested by universities, oftentimes as a recent version that is submitted with a final draft paper prior to submission. This can be generated within 24 hours from the time of request.
This involves manual translation of any source language to any target language (e.g., English to Malay or Malay to English). Proofreading in the target language is also performed to ensure that the final version of the document is concise, easily readable and error-free. The languages available depend on translator availability.
Academic Disciplines and Background Areas Covered
Performing arts, visual arts, language/linguistics, literature, history, philosophy, theology, anthropology, political science, social work, sociology, psychology, family law, environmental law, criminal law, immigration law, corporate law, education, distance education, online learning.
Chemical Engineering, bioengineering, materials engineering, nanotechnology, thermodynamics, process engineering, civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, structural engineering, architecture, electrical engineering, applied physics, control systems, electronic engineering, robotics, semiconductors, telecommunications engineering, biomaterials, nanomaterials, polymer engineering, photonics, mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering, industrial engineering, nanoengineering, marine engineering, optical engineering, cybernetics, systems engineering, graph theory.
Algorithms, data structures, artificial intelligence, neural networks, deep learning, supervised machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, image processing, data mining, data science and analytics, support vector machines, expert systems, Bayesian networks, computer graphics, computer networks, cryptography, parallel systems, information architecture, information retrieval, distributed computing, operating systems, compilers, programming languages, quantum computing, software engineering.
Anatomy, cell biology, biochemistry, biotech, genetics, histology, microbiology, molecular biology, pathology, physiology, virology, zoology, geochemistry, chemical engineering, marine chemistry, organic chemistry, pharmacology, polymer chemistry, environmental chemistry, geobiology, astrobiology, applied physics, fluid dynamics, solid state physics, thermodynamics.
Economics, macroeconomics, financial economics, public finance, corporate finance, hedge funds, accounting private equity, venture capital, financial planning, commercial banking, tax accounting, external auditing, Islamic banking, marketing, E-business, management information systems, risk management and insurance, business ethics.
Clinical physiology, dentistry, nursing, dermatology, physiotherapy, pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacology, physical fitness, physical therapy, public health, surgery, sports medicine, urology.
Types of Documents Covered
Research articles, journal papers, conference proceedings, research theses/dissertations, research proposals, grant proposals, abstracts, extended abstracts, systematic literature reviews, quantitative research methodology, qualitative research methodology, admission essays, presentation slides, etc.
Fiction novels, non-fiction novels, books, magazines, stories, screenplays, scripts, self-help material, poetry, blog posts, etc.
Business and Corporate
Technical reports, legal documents, marketing content, website pages, instruction manuals, annual reports, corporate material, market analysis, Power Point presentations, etc.
Resume, curriculum vitae (CV), cover letters, application letters, personal statement, etc.